Build, Operate, Train and Transfer – that’s the African formula

Updated: Nov 11

At Gen A Consultancy we work with implementation partners wanting to deliver impactful projects in Africa.



The Build Operate Train and Transfer (BOTT) approach is a means of executing projects through a management contract that covers the entire process. It is a joint venture, usually between a local government department and groups within the private sector that function as implementation partners.


The goal is to bring together the skills and resources from the private sector with the vision, and in some cases, the financial strength of the public sector. Equally important is the participation of the impacted community in decision-making regarding the size and nature of the proposed projects and the empowerment of that society via skills training and capacity building.


The implementation partners are responsible for everything, from feasibility studies to designing, building, operating the project for a restricted time, training the local community and government to collect the revenue, operate and maintain the infrastructure before transferring ownership to the local authority. This is how it should work.


Examples of such projects range from water, sanitation, waste management, infrastructure etc. For example, in 2014, the Zimbabwean government took over ownership and operations of the Limpopo Bridge which runs between South Africa and Zimbabwe, from an Israeli consortium of developers. This was Southern Africa’s first Public Private Partnership (PPP) too.


BOTT brings in vastly greater managerial, technical and training capacity from the private sector to work with local government and communities so that many, many more projects get started. The result is greater capacity to deliver so that more communities can benefit from these projects.


Some of the advantages of BOTT include:


• Far more projects started and implemented in more communities.


• A single entity (the implementation partner) is accountable for the end-to-end process and for ensuring that it is sustainable after it is handed over to the local authority.


• Communities are involved throughout as part of the Steering Committee for example, to facilitate with the management of community participation.


• Incentives are built into BOTT contracts to make sure that capacity building, involvement of previously marginalised people and micro businesses and the training of local people and local authority personnel takes place.


• All of this takes place within a framework that enables these communities to benefit from a lot more than just the services.


At Gen A Consultancy we work with implementation partners wanting to deliver impactful projects in Africa. Through our vast network that spans Sub-Saharan Africa, we can connect the right people to the right partners in Africa and help oversee their projects to ensure they run smoothly.


In addition, we can facilitate with capacity building at a local level as we now offer bespoke training through collaborations with subject matter experts. Knowledge transfer into Africa sits at the heart of Gen A’s projects and is therefore an inextricable part of any project we get involved in.


If you are a business that is interested in participating in the infrastructural development of Sub-Saharan Africa and you need guidance on where, how and with who, reach out to us today. We look forward to helping you expand new partnerships, expand new horizons and expand to Africa.

To your success!






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